Language Development Delay in Special Education

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Language Development

Hearing their child say their first words is one of the most exciting moments for parents. Parents’ excitement turns to worry when a kid experiences a language delay that prevents them from saying their first words. According to established developmental milestones, most kids start to speak and understand words between the ages of 2 and 5.

Some kids fall behind their peers in speech and language development but eventually catch up. On the other hand, parents should have a test if kids continue to show a noticeable difference in language development from their peers. With a speech therapist, a child’s pediatrician can help make a diagnosis and create a treatment plan, which frequently includes speech therapy and other interventions.

Areas of Language Development

It is crucial first to recognize the difference between speech and language. Speech is the way that language is physically articulated and expressed. Language is more complete because it encompasses appropriately receiving and understanding verbal communication and expressing it. The three primary areas of speech and language development are as follows:

  1. Receptive: the capacity for speech and linguistic nuance to be heard and understood
  2. Expressive: the capacity to use language appropriately and to speak and enunciate clearly and correctly.
  3. Pragmatic: the capacity for social context-based discrimination and appropriate language use; includes comprehension and application of appropriate emotion, tone, reasoning, and facial/body gestures.

One or more of these areas may show language development delays in children. Additionally, some kids, especially those with autism, may have dyspraxia or apraxia. Speaking is impossible for those with apraxia; speaking is only partially possible for people with dyspraxia.

Developmental Delays

Language is often learned rather than expressly taught. When the child is exposed to language and regular social interaction from birth, it should happen spontaneously and follow a predictable developmental pattern. The intricate combination of genetic and environmental factors can influence language development.

Language comprises many building elements, such as morphology, semantics, combining of words to produce coherent sentences, prosody, lexicon, and pragmatics. Language delays might be major or minor. If a child has another issue, such as autism, hearing loss, or a general developmental delay, which has affected their language skills, it is secondary. No additional issue will be noted when a linguistic delay is the main issue.

A child’s speech and language development are critical between birth and age five. A child should reach particular developmental milestones if their growth is average. Between the ages of two and three, a child’s vocabulary increases to around 500 words and a few-word sentences (Choo et al., 2019).

Between 3 and 5, a child’s vocabulary triples to approximately 1,500 words and sentence constructions using many words. A child typically develops and retains a vocabulary of over 2,000 words during the following three-year period, from 5 to 8 years, and the ability to speak with peers and adults and utilize complicated sentences.

A kid may have an actual developmental language delay if they fail to reach all of their developmental milestones within a reasonable time and do not only seem to be “late bloomers” compared to their peers. There is a language delay when a child’s language development lags behind expected developmental milestones. It has been determined that this impacts five to ten percent of preschoolers.

For instance, by roughly 18 months, a toddler should be able to use some names of people and things and have a vocabulary of between 5 and 20 words. If at age 18, a child is still not saying any words and is not recognizing some persons by name, they may have a language delay.

Receptive language and second delay are particular risk factors for language delay that lasts until school admission and negatively affect literacy, behavior, social development, and mental health throughout adulthood (Tansley & Gulliford,2018). However, there is debate over the validity of secondary prevention, which involves early detection of language delays and early management before the professional examination.

First, it could be challenging to identify language development impairments at an early age. For instance, it is reasonable to expect that for a year, 50–60% of untreated 2-year-olds with a significant expressive language delay will catch up to their peers who are usually developing.

Second, relatively few notable studies have reported, despite systematic reviews showing that interventions can temporarily improve language delay in beginning preschoolers when equated to coarse controls, particularly for problems with phonology and auditory comprehension problems.

A child’s hearing should be checked immediately if a parent or other adult suspects a language delay. Even though hearing loss is frequently disregarded, most kids with language delays have normal hearing. A speech-language pathologist should be consulted to assess the child and start treating her immediately. Even before they can talk, children can start receiving treatment.

Types of Delay

For the sake of simplicity, we will group the causes of children’s delayed language development into three groups.


Hearing loss is one of the most typical reasons for language delay in children. Even a minor hearing impairment can delay a child’s capacity to develop a grasp of language because the majority of early human communication is verbal.

A kid should start speech and language treatment as soon as potential hearing issues are identified. A kid often begins to babble, imitating speech at six months, and responds to certain noises. Parents should have their child’s hearing tested if they do not notice this happening.


Due to their surroundings, which discourage the constructive use of language, many children experience delays in their language development. Young children pick up many of their language skills from those around them. Thus they will grow slowly if they live in a setting where language is not used frequently (Gargiulo & Bouck, 2019).

Psychosocial deprivation is the fancy word for this situation. In other words, kids need to talk to adults frequently to get enough exposure to language to improve their skills. For instance, children who interact with adults while watching television are more than eight times less likely to experience a language delay than children who watch television alone. Baby Einstein videos cannot replace genuine social connections.


Many neurological conditions will prevent language development. The most typical issue is a developmental speech and language disorder, a blanket term for several neurological conditions relating to language processing. Children with this disease will have trouble making speaking sounds, interpreting other people’s speech, and communicating using language.

Apraxia of speech is a condition where the brain cannot control the muscles to create words. Even while the youngster may understand English, he or she will be unable to express it without additional communication tools.

Language impairment in children with autism is another early sign of the disorder. Language delay is sometimes one of the initial indicators in autistic children because they develop thinking and language skills in distinct ways. Cerebral palsy, severe brain damage, and muscular dystrophy are a few additional neurological conditions that impair language development.

Signs of language delays

Different children acquire language at various rates. In order to determine whether your child has a language delay, you should not compare them to other kids their age. Therefore, if you notice any of the following in your child at any age, it is essential to consult a specialist.

At six months, your kid is not endeavoring to make eye contact. When you call their name, they look at you; when you talk about an object, they look at it. By the age of one year, your child is attempting to communicate with you using turn-taking games. Eighteen months later, your kid is not responding to routine requests and commands combining two words (Hirai et al., 2018).

By the age of two, the child can combine two or more words to create new terms on their own; that is, your child never replicates the words or phrases of others; names at least one color; and answers common questions and commands.

Children who have developmental language problems at this age could struggle to learn new words and carry on a conversation use short, simple sentences and frequently omitting important words in them, responding to only a portion of the instruction, struggling to use the correct verb tenses past, present, or future people will likely struggle to express themselves clearly and will instead resort to using vague generalizations.


Keep in mind that every child is unique and grows at a different rate. The youngster could develop later than other kids but finally, catch up with them. However, if parents are worried about their child’s language delay, they should speak with the child’s pediatrician and a speech-language pathologist to get an assessment and a treatment plan. Numerous schools also perform assessments and screenings, which could offer a preliminary diagnosis of a problem.



Choo, Y. Y., Agarwal, P., How, C. H., & Yeleswarapu, S. P. (2019). Developmental delay: identification and management at primary care level. Singapore medical journal60(3), 119.

Gargiulo, R. M., & Bouck, E. C. (2019). Special education in contemporary society: An introduction to exceptionality. Sage Publications.

Hirai, A. H., Kogan, M. D., Kandasamy, V., Reuland, C., & Bethell, C. (2018). Prevalence and variation of developmental screening and surveillance in early childhood. JAMA pediatrics172(9), 857-866.

Tansley, A. E., & Gulliford, R. (2018). The education of slow-learning children. Routledge.






Seminar in Multicultural Management

 Foundations of Multicultural Management Taxonomy

As a global change agent, independent scholar, and current or future business professional, you may become responsible for initiating or managing multiculturalism initiatives. This can be a complex task, depending on the nature and structure of the organization. Having the foundational works of theorists may help you reach your goals, however, because within these theories are constructs or tenets that, when applied, can shape your own view and strategic approach to multicultural management for the purpose of mitigating risks, as well as supporting organizational initiatives.

#This week, you will have an opportunity to become familiar with some theorists and their theories related to multicultural management.

  1. To prepare for this Assignment, review this week’s Learning Resources as well as any additional sources of your choosing.
  2.  Research the theorists who developed theories related to multicultural management, and compile key information as part of your review.
  3. Submit an evaluation of at least three foundational theories in the form of a properly formatted, APA-compliant taxonomy table.

For each of the theories you select, you should include the following:

  • The name of the theory
  • The year the theory was introduced
  • The theorist/author
  • Key components of the theory
  • Statement of how the theory will help you apply the rules and tips provided by the literature


For each theory presented, be sure to include a minimum of two references to peer-reviewed, scholarly journals, as well as appropriate in-text citations.



A Reflection on a Good Leader

What personal capacities should a person develop to be a good leader versus those developed to be a good manager?

Those who want to be good leaders should focus on developing personal capacities including emotional connections, maintaining an open mind, communication skills, courage, and insight into their personal character (Daft, 2016). Those who strive to be good managers should focus on a different set of personal capacities including emotional distance, talking, conformity, and insight into the organization (Daft, 2016). These attributes are often opposites of each other, as leaders and managers have opposing focuses.

Why do you think there are so few people who succeed in both Management and Leadership? Is it reasonable to believe someone can be good at both?

I believe that there are so few people who succeed in both management and leadership because they require different skill sets. The main difference that prevents people from being successful in both fields is who the focus is on. In my experience, successful managers are more focused on the bottom line and earnings. Successful leaders are more focused on the individuals behind the end goal and what can be done to assist them in being the most successful versions of themselves. I believe it is reasonable for someone to excel in both management and leadership, I just don’t believe it is very common.

Describe the best leader you have known. How did this leader acquire his or her capability?

The best leader I know is my mentor, he has taught me so much in so many aspects of life. He gained his capability to lead through many years of experience and developing interpersonal relationships. He maintains a level of professionalism while remaining kind, affirmative, and respectful. He has led me and many others into successful careers in fields where our skills are best put into practice. He has taught me so much in terms of our field, but also so many additional valuable life lessons.

Write 200 words of your reflection on this work. (need to be in first person)

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Small Primary Care Physician Office

#Write 200 words per post

Post 1: Describe the health organization your group has decided to form (hospital, small primary care physician office, health insurance company, billing company, healthcare IT company, etc.). Do some research and think outside the box. If you’re unsure if your organization falls within the framework of being healthcare-focused, be sure to confirm the type of organization with your professor first.

· Post 2: Read chapter one of the course textbook and use its concepts to discuss why the organization was formed. In general, this post should focus on what current challenges will it help solve, and what opportunities exist for the organization (from an overall healthcare landscape). However, there should be far more detail provided than just answering the above questions.

· Post 3: Use this slide to discuss the history of organizations similar to yours. Try to especially focus on the following concepts from chapter 2: how data analytics will be used by your organization, project management, and your organization’s performance improvement philosophies.

· Post 4: Heavily dwell on how evidence-based medicine will be used when operating your organization. Feel free to focus on other points from chapter 3.

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Algebraic Expressions


Module 05 Content: Algebraic Expressions


The height, in feet, of an object shot upwards into the air with an initial velocity, in feet per second, of vi, after seconds is given by the formula:

Use the equation above to answer questions about a model rocket launched from the ground into the air with an initial velocity of 352 feet per second. Use the graph below to help answer the questions.

Assessment Instructions

Show and explain all steps in your responses to the following parts of the assignment. All mathematical steps must be formatted using the equation editor.

Part 1: Create the equation for the height of the rocket after seconds.

Part 2: Find the time it takes for the rocket to reach a height of 0. Interpret both solutions.

Part 3: Find the time it takes to reach the top of its trajectory.

Part 4: Find the maximum height.

Part 5: Find the time it takes to reach a height of 968 feet. Round your answer to the nearest tenth.

2) Module 06 Assignment – Glazed Icing Rational Algebraic Expressions


Your donut shop has perfected a method for the perfect glazed icing by slowly mixing whole milk with the confectioner’s sugar while exposed to low heat. Your mixing tank starts with 10 fluid ounces of milk and 10 ounces of sugar. You continue adding sugar at a rate of 10 ounces per minute and milk at 1 ounce per minute, as depicted by the two equations below:

Where S represents the number of ounces of sugar, M represents the ounces of milk, and t represents the time in minutes. The ideal icing will have a ratio of 8 ounces of sugar per ounce of milk.

Assessment Instructions

Show and explain all steps in your responses to the following parts of the assignment. All mathematical steps must be formatted using the equation editor.

Part 1: Create a rational equation to represent the concentration (C) in ounces of sugar per ounce of milk.

Part 2: Find the domain of the concentration equation.

Part 3: Will we ever encounter a time when the rational equation is undefined? Explain your reasoning.

Part 4: Calculate the concentration after five minutes.

Part 5: How long does it take to reach a concentration of 8 ounces of sugar per ounce of milk?


MATH106: Introduction to Formulas

Formulas are models of problem solutions. In Module 1, you learned how to evaluate and manipulate formulas from many different application areas. This allows you to use a formula in many ways. Specifically, if there are n variables in the formula, there are n different representations of it. You can solve any of the n variables in terms of the (n-1) other variables to solve even more problems without rethinking the process. Thus, formulas allow you to reach solutions more quickly. Formulas can help you predict solutions also. This module week, you will work with a specific formula to investigate what happens when a variable value in the formula is changed. Recall that I = PRT is the formula for simple interest where I is the simple interest accumulated from multiplying the original amount of money, Principal, by the interest rate per year given as a percent, and Time, in years. The total amount of money, A, you accumulate at the end of T years, if you are saving money, is given by the formula A = P + I. This is the same formula for the amount of money you have paid back on a loan after T years. Borrowing and saving money are things you are going to do throughout life. This formula is only the tip of the iceberg for financial literacy. Let’s have some fun with it! Before taking out a loan, it is essential to know the repayment terms and how your interest rate and the time of the loan affect the total loan balance. For simplicity in this assignment, assume each monthly payment contains an equal principal and interest amount. In this discussion, you will examine how a formula is used to explain the effects of changing variable values. Please proceed to the Prepare section.


  • Think of a big-ticket item you might need to take out a loan to purchase. Dream big! What have you always wanted? This could be a boat, car, motorcycle, or a trip around the world, but not a house. (A house loan has many other considerations.) Research the cost of this item and be sure to bookmark the link.
  • Review the terminology from pages 132-133 of the textbook if necessary. Think about any computational sub-steps that need to be taken. Note that in simple interest, the monthly payment is the same each month.
  • Select a reasonable interest rate for your item (between 2% and 10% is standard). It does not have to be a whole number. Then, select a time period to pay off your loan (between 3 and 12 years is common). It is standard to be a whole number.
  • Please proceed to the Initial Post section.

Initial Post

For your initial post, respond to the following prompts.
  1. Describe the item you are taking a loan out for and state the purchase price. For purposes of the assignment, assume the price includes all taxes, etc.
  2. Include the direct URL so your peers can view your big-ticket item.
  3. Using the simple interest formula, state your chosen interest rate and amount of time for your loan.
  4. Show the formula with numbers and describe the steps to compute the interest on the loan, I, and the total amount of the loan, A. You may use a calculator to perform the computations.
  5. Think about it, then show the equations with numbers and describe the steps to compute the monthly payment, M, for the life of the loan. You may use a calculator to perform the computations.
  6. Explain one way to verify your monthly payment is correct. Show the formula and use a calculator for the computations.
  7. Submit your initial post to the discussion by the fourth day of the module week. You must make your initial post before you can see your classmates’ posts.
Please proceed to the Response Prompts section.

Math Discussion: Linear System.


  • What is the geometric sense of a linear system in two variables and a linear system in three variables?

A system with two variables has linear equations that determine a line on the x and y plane. Since the equations are linear they describe lines. Because a solution to a linear system must satisfy all the equations, the solution is the intersection of these lines. This could be either a line, a single point, or an empty set. For three variables each linear equation determines a plane in a 3D space, and the solution set is the intersection of these planes. This means the solution may be a plane, a line, a single point, or an empty set

Cramer’s rule allows us to find the solution by using determinants. The main determinant is the coefficient matrix. This is put as D. Then there is a determinant for each function. Like D sub x, D sub y, D sub z, etc. You must make a column. After you find the determinant of the coefficient matrix you must replace the first column of the coefficient matrix with constant numbers to find the determinant. Then you make a second column for y and so on.

  • Describe in your own words the meaning of inverse matrix.

Matrix B is uniquely determined by A and is called an inverse of A and at this point is denoted. A square matrix is singular if the determinant is 0. A square matrix that is not invertible is called a singular or degenerate.

Sample responses

1. In regards to linear equations with two variables in the geometric sense, we can tell right away that this equation exists on two planes the X and Y place when the two meet at a single point we use that as a solution to the linear equation. In linear equations with three variables, we have three planes the X, Y, and Z, this becomes a bit more difficult to find a solution for as many points might meet in two planes but are not solutions to the equation unless they meet on all three planes. 2. We use determinants for solving a system of equations by making it easier to view what values need to be multiplied by one another and from there if the answers need to be subtracted or added to ultimately get the answer of the determinant. Especially ones that have three variables. It simplifies the system visually in order to mitigate any mistakes one may make if it was shown another way. 3. The inverse of a matrix is for example A-1 which in turn would give us the identity matrix in the end. We know it turns into an identity matrix when we reach a matrix that is 2×2 in size or in that same pattern 6×6, 5×5, etc. When getting the inverse matrix you must switch the rightmost values with each other and give the new top value on the right side a negative as well as the bottom left value. This begins the process of finding the inverse then you solve as required and you would ultimately end up with the identity matrix.


Math 106 Discussion: Collaborative Learning

Think about your current or future career choice and some of the activities or responsibilities of that career. Visit the Embry-Riddle Worldwide General Education Requirements (Links to an external site.)  page inside ERNIE. Read through the “Introduction” and the section “University General Education Competencies.” Take special care to understand the eight Competencies, which are often exactly the so-called soft skills that employers expect from college graduates.

Choose one competency (Collaborative Learning) and relate it to your career choice. Consider why competency is essential in your career and how it will benefit you in your daily role. Your response should be 250-words minimum. Include a specific example of using the competency in your daily activities.

Collaborative Learning

Students will be able to work effectively with others on diverse teams to produce quality written documents, oral presentations, and/or meaningful projects. Students will assist in organizing others to accomplish a shared task, contribute actively to a group, and work to resolve any conflicts that occur.

  • Current career: US Army
  • Career choice : Maintenance Manager airplane

BA611: Organization Theory

Discussion|Porter’s Model Strategy

Quebecor Printing is a commercial printing company that is expanding, acquiring ailing printing companies, and moving into international markets. They have completed more than 100 mergers and buyouts since 1972 and have focused on customized service by using “selective binding” to print. Apply strategies from Porter’s model to make Quebecor Printing’s business more profitable

300 words APA citation


MBA 5401: Accountability Issue

Recently, there was legal activity regarding Twitter and web postings. People such as Tiffany Dehen, Rep. Devin Nunes, and Meghan Murphy have taken a stand to complain about being bullied and mocked on Twitter. These lawsuits are alleging slander and libel against people who posted comments that targeted individuals and businesses.

  • Discuss at least one accountability issue associated with the things you say and do on the Internet.
  • What do you think is a lesson to be learned here?
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